Public Health

Be prepared for emergencies such as pandemics or bio-terrorism attacks as well as everyday health concerns.

 

 
  • Infants and young children, the elderly and people already in poor health are most at risk for catching deadly diseases.
  • Bioterrorism in today's world increases the threat of deadly diseases such as anthrax brucellosis and plague, to name just a few.
  • The most common illnesses treated in the United States include colds and coughs, influenza, sore throat, bladder infection and, on a more serious note, cancer, heart attack and stroke.

Learn more about public health guidelines here.

 

Have an Emergency Supply Kit and Household Disaster Plan in place.

Protect your health

  • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash immediately after you use it.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol based hand cleaners are also effective.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread this way.
  • Try to avoic close contact with sick people.
  • Never share food, beverages, or eating utensils with other people.
  • If you get sick with influenza, CDC recommends that you stay home from work or school and limit contact with others to avoid infecting them.
  • Practice good health habits. Exercise regulary, eat fiber and vegetables, and avoid stress.

Terms

Familiarize yourself with these terms to help identify public health hazards.

  • Flu - short for influenza—is a respiratory illness that is caused by different viruses. The flu spreads easily. It occurs every year during fall, winter, and spring.
  • Pandemic Influenza - A flu pandemic occurs when a new flu virus spreads to people all over the world. Pandemic flu is not the same as seasonal flu.
  • H1N1 Flu - Also known ans swine flu, this pandemic has offically ended as of August 10, 2010.  However, the virus has not disappeared.  The World Health Organization (WHO) cautions that the H1N1 flu virus is circulating along with this year’s seasonal flu viruses and may still cause serious disease—particularly among younger age groups and others at high risk during the post-pandemic period.
  • Food born diseases - caused by consuming contaminated foods or beverages.  Many different disease-causing microbes, or pathogens, can contaminate foods, so there are many different foodborne infections.  In addition, poisonous chemicals, or other harmful substances can cause foodborne diseases if they are present in food.